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Eh bien, la guerre !

Qu’est-ce que la Métaphysique Critique ?

Théorie du Bloom
[pdf] version augmentée, La Fabrique
.[de] [es] [it]

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Science reinvents the economy: An economy in a computer

Magazine issue 2711. New Scientist

More: Can science reinvent the economy?

Can we pack an entire economy, with all its complex human and political interactions, into a computer? Physicist Dirk Helbing of ETH thinks so – as long as we’re bold enough in going about it.

He points out that financial systems aren’t the only monsters we’ve let out of the box. How traffic flows in and around huge cities simply cannot be grasped by mathematical analysis, but computer models let millions of virtual vehicles interact on realistic road patterns – and often discover potential problems before they occur in reality.

The complexity of today’s economy, Helbing suggests, demands a similar approach. “We’re not currently using the best capabilities of science,” he says. “We need to bring together scientists from different fields and put together tools that can be used as a kind of wind tunnel for testing out social and economic policies.”

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Iván de la Nuez

Daniel García Andújar Postcapital

Daniel García Andújar Postcapital, wkv-stuttgart

El comienzo del siglo XXI describe un síntoma urbano sobrecogedor y al mismo tiempo irrevocable: la ciudad occidental abandona sus antiguas funciones -las funciones de la vida moderna- y empieza a ser “otra cosa”. Como un monstruo independiente que se desarraiga de sus pasadas pertenencias, se ha situado en una dimensión posterior. Así, la ciudad como territorio de congregación y trabajo, ha dado paso a la ciudad como ámbito de atomización y de ocio (o desempleo); el perímetro que hasta hace muy poco funcionó como fantasía de encuentro y realización se transforma ante nuestros ojos en un espacio de pérdida y fracaso; la ciudad concreta pierde sus contornos y da lugar a la ciudad abstracta. De modo que eso que continuamos llamando “la ciudad”, ha desembocado en lo que muy bien podría comprenderse como una entidad postcapital, en el doble sentido de este concepto.
En parte, por alusión al hundimiento de su antigua función de representación (la ciudad como capital de un país, un Estado, una nación, una comunidad) y, en parte, por el sentido de su ubicación en el poscapitalismo, en un tiempo en el cual los hechos urbanos vienen marcados por nuevas economías en las que el ritmo del capital, como sucede con la música electrónica, en vez de producirse se programa; en lugar de reproducirse, simplemente comienza a reiterarse.

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The Post-Capitalist Society

post-capitalist society

Peter Drucker, the father of modern management, discusses how knowledge, not capital, is the new basis of wealth.

Unimagined Futures: “EVERY FEW HUNDRED YEARS in Western history there occurs a sharp transformation. We cross what in an earlier book, I called a “divide.”

Within a few short decades, society rearranges itself—its worldview; its basic values; its social and political structure; its arts; its key institutions. Fifty years later, there is a new world. And the people born then cannot even imagine the world in which their grandparents lived and into which their own parents were born.

We are currently living through just such a transformation. It is creating the post-capitalist society, which is the subject of this book.

PETER DRUCKER: International economic theory is obsolete. The traditional factors of production – land, labor, and capital – are becoming restraints rather than driving forces. Knowledge is becoming the one critical factor of production. It has two incarnations: Knowledge applied to existing processes, services, and products is productivity; knowledge applied to the new is innovation.

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¿Han reescrito Michael Hardt y Antonio Negri el Manifiesto Comunista para el Siglo XXI?

Por Slavoj Žižek | 2001

Capitalismo no es sólo una época histórica entre otras. En cierto modo, el alguna vez de moda y ahora medio olvidado Francis Fukuyama tenía razón: el capital global es “el fin de la historia.” Un cierto exceso que era mantenido bajo control en la historia anterior, percibido como una perversión localizable, como un exceso, una desviación, es en el capitalismo elevado al principio mismo de la vida social, en el movimiento especulativo del dinero que engendra más dinero, de un sistema que sólo puede sobrevivir revolucionando constantemente su propia condición, es decir, en que la cosa sólo puede sobrevivir como su propio exceso, excediendo constantemente sus propios constreñimientos “normales.” Y, quizás es sólo hoy, en el capitalismo global en su forma “posindustrial”, digitalizada que, para ponerlo en las términos hegelianos, realmente el capitalismo existente está alcanzando el nivel de su noción:

quizás, uno debe seguir de nuevo el viejo lema antievolucionista de Marx (a propósito, tomado literalmente de Hegel) de que la anatomía de hombre proporciona la clave de la anatomía del mono – esto es que, para desplegar la estructura nocional inherente de una formación social, uno debe empezar con su más desarrollada forma.

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The breakdown of a relationship? Reflections on the crisis

The history of the capitalist mode of production is punctuated by crises. One could say that crisis is the modus operandi of capital, or of the capital-labour relation. This is true insofar as capital, the self-valorisation of value, the self-expansion of abstract wealth, is at any given time a claim on future surplus-value extraction: the accumulation of capital today is a bet on tomorrow’s exploitation of the proletariat.

The crisis today has taken the form of a financial crisis, while the prospect of a full-blown economic crisis looms ever larger. These two crises do not merely stand in a relation of cause and effect, however (whichever way one were to posit the relation). Rather they are the different manifestations of the same underlying crisis – the crisis of accumulation of capital, which is at the same time the crisis in the relation of exploitation between capital and proletariat.

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Postcapital: Lecture series, Workshops, Film program

December 2008 – January 2009

program_en.doc 119 K

program_en.pdf 192 K

December 2008

Tuesday, December 2, 2008, 7 pm
Lecture (english)
Keiko Sei | Border Crossings

Saturday, December 6, 2008, 2 – 8 pm
Parallel event / Conference (english/german)
Censorship in Art?
Corinne Diserens, Iris Dressler, Nikolai B. Forstbauer, Klaus Staeck, Christoph Tannert

In co-operation with Akademie Schloss Solitude and Hospitalhof Stuttgart

December 13 – 14, 2008, each day 12 – 6 pm
Workshop (english)
Daniel García Andújar (Technologies To The People) | Apprehension of the Postcapital Archive Reality
Registration till Monday, December 1, 2008

Tuesday, December 16, 2008, 7 pm
Lecture (german)
Helmut Draxler | Capital and Postcapital Art

Thursday, December 18, 2008, 7 pm
Lecture (german)
Linda Hentschel | Jeopardized Perception or Perceiving the Jeopardized?
War, Violence, and Relations of Visuality since 9/11

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Marx on financial crisis

In a system of production, where the entire continuity of the reproduction process rests upon credit, a crisis must obviously occur — a tremendous rush for means of payment — when credit suddenly ceases and only cash payments have validity. At first glance, therefore, the whole crisis seems to be merely a credit and money crisis. And in fact it is only a question of the convertibility of bills of exchange into money. But the majority of these bills represent actual sales and purchases, whose extension far beyond the needs of society is, after all, the basis of the whole crisis. At the same time, an enormous quantity of these bills of exchange represents plain swindle, which now reaches the light of day and collapses; furthermore, unsuccessful speculation with the capital of other people; finally, commodity-capital which has depreciated or is completely unsaleable, or returns that can never more be realised again. The entire artificial system of forced expansion of the reproduction process cannot, of course, be remedied by having some bank, like the Bank of England, give to all the swindlers the deficient capital by means of its paper and having it buy up all the depreciated commodities at their old nominal values. Incidentally, everything here appears distorted, since in this paper world, the real price and its real basis appear nowhere, but only bullion, metal coin, notes, bills of exchange, securities. Particularly in centres where the entire money business of the country is concentrated, like London, does this distortion become apparent; the entire process becomes incomprehensible; it is less so in centres of production.

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